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专题46短文改错(二)-2017年高考英语二轮核心考点总动员

'专题46短文改错(二)-2017年高考英语二轮核心考点总动员'
专题46短文改错(二)关键词:语法,词法,句法,逻辑,语境难度系数:****推荐指数:*****【基础冋顾】考点归纳:高考短文改错考点层次一般而言可依次分为词法的测试、句法的测试和语篇的测试三一个层面。考点层 次越高,就越能测试出考生运用语言的能力。低层次的考点往往侧重于语法方面的考查,而高层次的考点 往往侧重于考生对文章意义方面的理解;”囟:句法改错句法的测试包括:主谓语在数上的一致性;名词性从句、定语从句和强调句;句子结构的连贯性、完整性、 对等性和逻辑性。[2015 ?新课标全国 I] There the air is clean or the mountains are green.[2015 ?新课标全国 I】The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier.【技能方法】解题方法技巧首先,通读全文,了解文章体裁、主旨大意,把握全篇的时态、人称和行文逻辑。不同体裁的语篇具 有不同的篇章结构和交际功能,主要体现在语言风格和组句成篇的模式上。从语篇的模式上可以读懂作者 的思维模式,从而获得对短文更好的理解和宏观的把握。在通读全文的过程中,先将容易的或明显的错误 改好,从而为分行、分句的分析起到降低难度的作用。.?其次,?逐句审读、理解、分析,先易后难。有时孤立地读一个句子时很难发现它的错误,一旦将上下 文联系起来,问题就会变得明了。从组成句子结构的各方面逐句审查动词的时态、语「态、名词、代词、冠 词、介词、形容词、副词、连词、主谓一致等方面是否有误。句?子结构解题思路名词、代词检查是否有数、格或指代不--致的错误并列主语,从句、不定代词、集合 名词、非谓语动词、时间、金钱等 作主语及together with等引导的成 分修饰主语检查谓语动词是否与主语保持一致固定短语、词组检查副词、介词、冠词是否使用错误平行结构检查是否有词性和连接两个对等的词和对等的结构并列 连词错误有比较结构检查是否有形容词、副词的级,程度副词,比较的对象以及冠词方面的错误有转折、因果、对比等结构检查是否有行文逻辑方面的错误多重结构句检查是否有时态、语态、引导词或成分短缺错误.有特殊动词结构检查是否有非谓语?动词或虚拟语气方面的错误非谓语动词作状语、表语或定语检查?是否非谓语动词和逻辑主语不一致最一后,关键的一点就是要再次细读全文,按句法要求、词类规则,检查所改的答案能否使全文语气流畅, 行文逻辑发展是否合乎情理,所做的标记是否符合命题要求!净〈锉辍縄 have planned an autumn outing for my class next week, and Pm writing to ask your permission.First, the place where we've decided to visit 一 the Forest Park is not far away from the city. We can take a bus and ride a bike to get there. Second, the trip would provide us with a great opportunity to get close to the nature. Third, we need to spare some time to take some physical exercises? Some teachers as well as Mr Wang is going to join us to make sure of our safe?We are all looking forward to receive your permission. We will appreciate you if you can kindly give us an immediate reply.【能力提升】Last month, I rode bus to my office ten miles away? I carried only a few cash to last each week. One night, as I walk .to the usual bus stop, I met a beggar whom had no legs. I stopped and opened my wallet, but I was discovered that I had no money at all. I apologized to him immediate. I became worried so I had no way to get ho me. At my surprise, the beg gar pulled out many coin from his broken bowl. Embarrassed, I took enough for his bus fare, and he said, "Good luck!"【终极闯关】[2016 ?全国新课标II]短文改错(共10小题,每小?题1分,满分10分)假定英语课上老师要求同桌Z间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文屮共有10处语言错 误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:?在缺词处加一个漏字符号(A),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\ )划掉。?删除:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。The summer holiday is coming. My classmates and I are talking about how to do during the holiday. We can chose between staying at home and take a trip. If we stay at home, i t is com fortable but ther e is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will team little abo ut world. If we go on a trip abroad, vve can broaden you view and gain knowledges we cannot get from books. Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby. I thought that it is a good idea. It does not cost many, yet we can stil
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专题 46 短文 改错 2017 年高 英语 二轮 核心 考点 总动员
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