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从学习语法结构突破阅读填词

'从学习语法结构突破阅读填词'
从学习语法结构突破阅读填词熟悉英语句/成分构成对于提高英语阅读能力和英语口语、写作其至听力是极其基础和至关重要的,可以 说,懂得组构句子各成分,就能将整句所表达的意思分部解构清楚,对丁将中文意思表达成英文文句是一 步到位的,而接下來想要提高文句的流畅性和亲切性所要做的事情就是扩大词汇量和熟悉英关人丄?习惯性 表达。一. 主语: 主语(subject)是一个句子的主题(theme),是句子所述说的主体。它的位置?般在 一句之首。可用作主语的有单词、短语、乃至从句、句子。1. 名词作主语。如:A tree has fallen across the road.—棵树倒下横在路上。Little streams feed big rivers.小河流入大江。2?代词用作主语。如:You' re not far wrong.你差不多对了。He told a joke but it fell flat.他说了个笑话,但没有引人发笑。3. 数词用作主语。如:Three is enough.三个就够了。Four from seven leaves three. 7 减4 余 3。4?副词用作主语。如:Now is the time.现在是时候了。Carefully does it.小心就行。5?名词化的形容词用作主语。如:The idle are forced to work.懒汉被迫劳动。Old and young marched side by side.老少并肩而行。6. 名词化的介词作主语。如:The ups and downs of life must be taken as they come.我们必须承受人牛Z沉浮。7. 不定式用作主语。如:To find your way can be a probl em.你能否找到路可能是一个问题。It wou 1 d be nice to see him again.如能见到他,那将是一件愉快的事。8. 动名词用作主语。如:Smoking is bad for you.吸烟对你冇害。Watching a film is pleasure, making one is hard work.看电影是乐事,制作影片则是苦事。9. 名词化的分词用作主语。如:The disabled are to receive more money.残疾人将得到更多的救济金。The deceased died of old age.死者死于年老。10. 介词短语用作主语。如:To Beijing is not very far.到北京不很远。From Yenan to Nanni wan was a three-hour ride on horseback.从延安到南泥湾要三个小时。11. 从句用作主语。如:Whenever you are ready will be fine.你无论什么时候准备好都行。Because Sal ly wants to 1 eave doesn' t mean that we have to.不能说萨利要走因而我们也得走。 22句子用作主语。如:"How do you do ?” is a greeting. u你好”是一句问候语。二谓语 谓语(predicate)或谓语动词(predicate verb)的位置■般在主语之后。谓语山简卩动词(单个动词、动词+副词)或短语动词(助动词+主要动词)构成。1. 由简单的动词构成。(1) . What happened?发生了什么事?(2) . He worked hard all day today.他今天苦干了一天。(3) . The plane took off at ten o' clock.飞机是十点起飞的。2?由短语动词构成的谓语。(1) . T am reading.我在看书。(2) . What * s been keeping you all this time?这半天你在干什么来着?(3) . You can do it if you try hard.你努力就可以做到。3?英语常用某些动作名词代替表动态的谓语动词,表生动。这种动作名词之前常用没有多大意义的动词 have, give, get, take,等。如:(1) . I had a swim yesterday.我昨天游了一次水(had a swim 代替了 swam)(2) . Take a look at that!你看看那个! (take a look 代替了 look)(3) . He gave a sigh.他叹了 口气。(gave a sigh 代替了 sighed)(4) . I got a good shake-up.我受到了很大的震动。(a good shake-up 代替了 was shaken up thoroughly (充 分,彻底的))三.表语 表语的功能是表述主语的特征、状态、身份等。它也可以说是一种主语补语。它位于联系动 词Z后,与Z构成所谓的系表结构。在系表结构钟,联系动词只是形式上的谓语,真正起谓语作用的则是 表语。可以作表语的词有:名词、代词、数词、形容词、副词、不定式、动名词、分词、介词短语、从句 等。1. The wedding was that Sunday.婚礼是在那个星期天举行的。(名词)2. So that' s that.就是这样。(代词)3. We are seven.我们一共7人。(数词)4. Are you busy?你有空吗?(形容词)5. Are you there?你在听吗?(电话用语)(副词)Is anybody in?里面有人吗?(副词)6. Al 1 I could do was to wait.我只能等待。(不定式)My answer to his threat was to hit him on the nose.我对他的威胁的回答是照他的鼻子打去。(不定式)7. Complimenting (赞美,:兀﹊s lying.恭维就是说谎。(动名词)Is that asking so much?这是要的高了吗?(动名词)8. 1 was so much surprised at it.我对此事感到很惊讶。(过分)T' m very pl eased with what he has done.我对他所做的很满意。(过分)9. She is in good health.她很健康。(介词短语)The show is from seven till ten.演出时间为7点至10点。(介词短语)10. Is that why you were angry?这就是你发怒的原因吗?(从句)11. This is where I first met her.这就是我初次与她会|A]的地方。(从
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