写作中的语法

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'写作中的语法'
写作中的语法 定语从句&名词性从句名词性从句---摆明事实,讲清道理定语从句---突出细节,修饰限制名词性从句(一)1.简述故事情节,揭示寓意道理。语言观察:1)Through an example of a disabled boy, we learn that one will finally succeed if he acquires the quality of persistence.2)The passage tells us that despite obstacles and failures, many people with their distinct qualities were able to overcome difficulty and eventually realized their goals and achieved success.Q:文段中用的是什么从句?在作文的哪个部分;嵊玫?2.引出观点语言观察:1) I fully agree that trivial(琐碎的)things play an important part in our life.2) Many students still prefer to go to university as they believe the environment of the university is very important for an individual’s development and that graduates from key university are more likely to find a job.3.事实现象描写语言观察:A latest survey shows that the health of Chinese youngsters has greatly declined.4. 归纳、倡议、号召、总结语言观察:1) Anyway, I won’t choose to study abroad because I think that as long as I work hard, I will achieve success wherever I am.2) We do hope that more and more characters like him will come out and inspire us in our life.宾语从句:转述故事情节,揭示寓意道理,引出观点态度,交代事实现象,概括归纳总结。 名词性从句(二) 主语从句& 表语从句1.what2.“It”结构3.主表一体句 What… is that/how/when…4.The reason why… is that… Whoever 与 those who 名词性从句的标志词what语言观察:1)However, the high cost of studying abroad is more than what ordinary families can afford.2)Another significant quality for a popular person is to remember what is important to a certain person and what he is concerned about.3)The story discusses what makes one person different from others even if they are in the same situation.实战演练:1W.__h_a_t _I _le_a_r_n_e_d_ _fr_o_m__ t_h_e_ t_e_x_t_ b_o_o_k(我在课本上学到的) is not practical at all.2.As to _w_h_a_t_ c_a_u_s_e_d_ _s_u_c_h_ g__re_a_t_ d_a_m__a_g_e_(什么造成如此大的损 失), it is still a puzzle.3.I am curious about _w_h_a_t_ w__il_l _h_a_p_p_e_n_ _n_e_x_t_(接下来会发生什 么事情). It 句型It is + clear/obvious/evident… that +…It is important/necessary/strange…that sb. (should) do sth.It is + a pity/shame that…It is said/reported/expected/suggested … that +…It happens/seems/appears/doesn’t matter whether/+…It is beyond doubt /out of question that + …(毫无疑问)语言观察:1.It is evident that to be a likeable person, one needs to show understanding and interest towards others.2. It is still believed that handwritten letters are irreplaceable.3. It is important that all the citizens (should) know the importance of rubbish classification.4. It is a pleasure that I can have a good friend as Li.5. It goes without saying that diligence is more important than intelligence in one’s success.实战演练:1.__It_ a_n_n_o_y_ed_ _th_e_ _te_a_c_h_e_r _th_a_t__________ (让老师感到很生气) he was late for school again.2.__It_’s_ h_o_p_e_d_ t_h_a_t ___________________ (希望) the project can be completed before the storm comes.3.__It_’s_ a_ _ba_d_ _h_a_b_it_ th_a_t_________________ (是一个坏习惯) you are always late for the lecture. 主表一体句语言观察:1) what troubles me most is that he keeps making noises when doing homework.2) What worried me most was that I found it difficult for me to remember new words.实战演练:1._W__h_a_t _I’d_ _li_k_e _to_ _s_u_g_g_es_t_ i_s_ t_ha_t_______(我要建 议的是) we should put up some signs to warn people of the potential danger.2. _W_h_a_t_ r_ea_l_ly_ m__a_tt_e_rs_ _is__________________(真 正重要的是) how we can make full use of the limited time.Whoever + 单数= those who+ 复数Such…as实战演练:1._W__h_o_e_ve_r_ b_r_e_a_k_s _s_c_h_oo_l_ r_e_g_u_la_t_io_n_s__(违反校规的人) deserves to be punished.2.__T_ho_s_e_ _w_h_o_ r_e_s_p_ec_t_ o_t_h_e_rs_____(尊重别人的人) are to be respected.3.__S_u_c_h_ p_e_o_p_l_e_ a_s_ d_i_so_b_e_y_ _p_ub_l_ic_ _m_o_r_al_it_y_(那些违背社会公德的人) should be criticized.morality 名词性从句(三)语言观察:1)From the above discussion, I can safely draw a conclusion that success comes to anyone.2)However, 15% of them don’t know whom to tell, for the reason that they aren’t willing to share their inner thoughts.结论得出: 定语从句1.as2.which3.who/whom4.when/where/why/whose as置于句首或句中,引起非限制性定语从句,先行词为 前(后)面的整个句子,往往有“正如,正像”的 意思。适用于:图表说明类文章、谚语俗语及其它的事实性 内容的引入。实战演练:1.___A__s_ t_h_e_ s_a_y_i_n_g_ _g_o_e_s___(正如俗语所云), “God help those who help themselves.”2.___A_s_ w__a_s_ e_x_p_e_c_t_e_d_______(正如所预料的那样),I improved my English so much that I even won the first prize in the English Oral Contest of my school.3.___A__s_ t_h_e_ d_a_t_a_ _s_h_o_w_s________(如数据所显示), “parents” ranks second for the girls but fourth for the boys.4. _A_s_ _w_e_ _a_ll_ k_n_o_w_____________(众所周知), honesty is the pillar(核心)of a society. Which语言观察: 1)The book which was written by him is very interesting. 2)The
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