基于单片机的智能小车设计外文文献翻译3200多字

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'基于单片机的智能小车设计外文文献翻译3200多字'
外文文献翻译(含:英文原文及中文译文) 文献出处: White Collier. Smart car design based on single-chip microcomputer [J]. IEEE Pervasive Computing, 2016, 3(1):68-75. 英文原文Smart car design based on single-chip microcomputerWhite CollierSummaryThe microcontroller is called a microcontroller because it was first used in industrial control. The microcontroller is developed from a dedicated processor with only a CPU in the chip. The earliest design idea was to integrate a large number of peripheral devices and CPUs into one chip. The Intel Z80 was the earliest processor designed according to this idea? Since then, the development of single-chip microcomputers and special-purpose processors has diverged?Early MCUs were 8-bit or 4-bit. One of the most successful is the 8031 of INTEL, which has been widely praised for its simplicity, reliability, and performance? After that, MCS51 series single-chip microcomputer system was developed on the basis of 8031. Single-chip microcomputer systems based on this system are still widely used until now. With the improvement of the requirements in the field of industrial control, the emergence of 16-bit single computer systems has become smaller and easier to integrate into complex but demanding control devices? Tablets, but because of the unsatisfactory cost performance has not been widely used? After the 1990s, with the development of consumer electronics products, the microcontroller technology has been widely recognized? With the widespread application of the INTEL i960 series, especially the later ARM series, 32-bit microcontrollers quickly replaced the high-end position of 16-bit microcontrollers and entered the mainstream market:. The performance of traditional 8-bit microcontrollers has also been dramatically increased, and processing capabilities have increased hundreds of times compared to the 80s. Currently, the high-end 32-bit microcontrollers have been clocked at more than 300MHz, and the performance has been directly following the dedicated processors of the mid-1990s. The average model price has dropped to 1 US dollar, and the highest-end model has only 10 US dollars. Contemporary microcontroller systems are no longer developed and used only in bare metal environments? A large number of dedicated embedded operating systems are widely used in a full range of microcontrollers? The high-end MCUs that handle the cores of PDAs and mobile phones can even use dedicated Windows and Linux operating systems directly?Single-chip microcomputer is suitable for embedded system compared with special-purpose processor, so it has got the most application. In fact, SCM is the most computer in the world.Microcomputers are integrated in almost every electronic and mechanical product used in modern human life. Mobile phones, telephones, calculators, home appliances, electronic toys, PDAs, and mouse and other computer accessories are equipped with 1 ?2 microcontrollers? There will also be a large number of SCMs in the personal compu
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基于 单片机 智能 小车 设计 外文 文献 翻译 3200 多字
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